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Suggested papers for
Tue, Sep 05, 2017 at 11 am
Thu, Sep 07, 2017 at 2 pm
Fri, Sep 08, 2017 at 11 am

6 Sep 2017

A System of Three Super Earths Transiting the Late K-Dwarf GJ 9827 at Thirty Parsecs

We report the discovery of three small transiting planets orbiting GJ 9827, a bright (K = 7.2) nearby late K-type dwarf star. GJ 9827 hosts a $1.64^{+0.22}_{-0.20}$ $R_{\rm \oplus}$ super Earth on a 1.2 day period, a $1.29^{+0.17}_{-0.16}$ $R_{\rm \oplus}$ super Earth on a 3.6 day period, and a $2.08^{+0.28}_{-0.26}$ $R_{\rm \oplus}$ super Earth on a 6.2 day period. The radii of the planets transiting GJ 9827 span the transition between predominantly rocky and gaseous planets, and GJ 9827 b and...

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04 Sep 2017

Millimetre-wave emission from an intermediate-mass black hole candidate in the Milky Way

Tomoharu Oka, Shiho Tsujimoto, Yuhei Iwata, Mariko Nomura

It is widely accepted that black holes with masses greater than a million solar masses (M⊙) lurk at the centres of massive galaxies. The origins of such ‘supermassive’ black holes (SMBHs) remain unknown1, although those of stellar-mass black holes are well understood. One possible scenario is that intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs), which are formed by the runaway coalescence of stars in young compact star clusters2, merge at the centre of a galaxy to form a SMBH3. Although ...

5 Sep 2017

LOFAR discovery of the fastest-spinning millisecond pulsar in the Galactic field

We report the discovery of PSR J0952$-$0607, a 707-Hz binary millisecond pulsar which is now the fastest-spinning neutron star known in the Galactic field (i.e., outside of a globular cluster). PSR J0952$-$0607 was found using LOFAR at a central observing frequency of 135 MHz, well below the 300 MHz to 3 GHz frequencies typically used in pulsar searches. The discovery is part of an ongoing LOFAR survey targeting unassociated Fermi Large Area Telescope $\gamma$-ray sources. PSR J0952$-$0607 is i...

29 Aug 2017

Induced Ellipticity for Inspiraling Binary Systems

Although gravitational waves tend to erase eccentricity of an inspiraling binary system, ellipticity can be generated in the presence of surrounding matter. We present a semi-analytical method for understanding the eccentricity distribution of binary black holes in the presence of a supermassive black hole in a galactic center. Given a matter distribution, we show how to determine the resultant eccentricity analytically in the presence of both tidal forces and evaporation up to one cutoff and o...

5 Sep 2017

Improving time-delay cosmography with spatially resolved kinematics

Strongly gravitational lensed quasars can be used to measure the so-called time-delay distance $D_{\Delta t}$, and thus the Hubble constant $H_0$ and other cosmological parameters. Stellar kinematics of the deflector galaxy play an essential role in this measurement by: i) helping break the mass-sheet degeneracy; ii) determining in principle the angular diameter distance $D_{\rm d}$ to the deflector and thus further improving the cosmological constraints. In this paper we simulate observations ...

1 Sep 2017

Was Planet 9 captured in the Sun's natal star-forming region?

The presence of an unseen `Planet 9' on the outskirts of the Solar system has been invoked to explain the unexpected clustering of the orbits of several Edgeworth--Kuiper Belt Objects. We use $N$-body simulations to investigate the probability that Planet 9 was a free-floating planet (FFLOP) that was captured by the Sun in its birth star-formation environment. We find that only 1 - 6 per cent of FFLOPs are ensnared by stars, even with the most optimal initial conditions for capture in star-form...

29 Aug 2017

Emission Line Properties of Seyfert Galaxies in the 12 Micron Sample

We present spectroscopy of emission lines for 81 Seyfert 1 and 104 Seyfert 2 galaxies in the IRAS 12$\mu$m galaxy sample. We analyzed the emission-line luminosity functions, reddening, and other gas diagnostics. The narrow-line regions (NLR) of Sy1 and 2 galaxies do not significantly differ from each other in most of these diagnostics. Combining the H$\alpha$/H$\beta$ ratio with a new reddening indicator-the [SII]6720/[OII]3727 ratio, we find the average $E(B-V)=0.49\pm0.35$ for Sy1s and $0.52\...

Updated 2017/09/08 11:47:31

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