Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Dec 06, 2016 at 11:00 AM and Thu, Dec 08, 2016 at 11:00 AM

3 Dec 2016

Wavelet-Based Characterization of Small-Scale Solar Emission Features at Low Radio Frequencies

Low radio frequency solar observations using the Murchison Widefield Array have recently revealed the presence of numerous weak, short-lived and narrow-band emission features, even during moderately quiet solar conditions. These non-thermal features occur at rates of many thousands per hour in the 30.72 MHz observing bandwidth, and hence, necessarily require an automated approach for their detection and characterization. Here, we employ continuous wavelet transform using a mother Ricker wavelet...

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1 Dec 2016

Two New Calcium-Rich Gap Transients in Group and Cluster Environments

We present the Palomar Transient Factory discoveries and the photometric and spectroscopic observations of PTF11kmb and PTF12bho. We show that both transients have properties consistent with the class of calcium-rich gap transients, specifically lower peak luminosities and rapid evolution compared to ordinary supernovae, and a nebular spectrum dominated by [Ca II] emission. A striking feature of both transients is their host environments: PTF12bho is an intra-cluster transient in the Coma Clust...

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1 Dec 2016

Evidence for a constant IMF as a function of radius in two massive ETGs

We investigate radial gradients in the stellar initial mass function (IMF) in two early type galaxies using resolved measurements of several far red gravity sensitive absorption features, including the "Wing-Ford" band (FeH). We use the Oxford Short Wavelength Integral Field SpecTrogaph (SWIFT) to obtain resolved spectroscopic observations of NGC~1277 and IC~843, two galaxies with large central velocity dispersions and evidence for "heavy" IMFs from spectroscopic and dynamical measurements. Our...

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30 Nov 2016

The Initial Mass Function in the Nearest Strong Lenses from SNELLS: Assessing the Consistency of Lensing, Dynamical, and Spectroscopic Constraints

We present new observations of the three nearest early-type galaxy (ETG) strong lenses discovered in the SINFONI Nearby Elliptical Lens Locator Survey (SNELLS). Based on their lensing masses, they were inferred to have a stellar initial mass function (IMF) consistent with that of the Milky Way, not the bottom-heavy IMF that has been reported as typical for high-$\sigma$ ETGs based on lensing, dynamical, and stellar population synthesis techniques. We use these unique systems to test the consist...

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29 Nov 2016

ALMA Reveals Potential Localized Dust Enrichment from Massive Star Clusters in II Zw 40

We present subarcsecond images of submillimeter CO and continuum emission from a local galaxy forming massive star clusters: the blue compact dwarf galaxy II Zw 40. At $\sim$0.4" resolution (20 pc), the CO(3-2), CO(1-0), 3mm and 870${\mu}$m continuum maps illustrate star formation on the scales of individual molecular clouds. Dust contributes about a third of the 870${\mu}$m continuum emission, with free-free accounting for the rest. On these scales, there is not a good correspondence between g...

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28 Nov 2016

An Update on Monitoring Stellar Orbits in the Galactic Center

Using 25 years of data from uninterrupted monitoring of stellar orbits in the Galactic Center, we present an update of the main results from this unique data set: A measurement of mass of and distance to SgrA*. Our progress is not only due to the eight year increase in time base, but also due to the improved definition of the coordinate system. The star S2 continues to yield the best constraints on the mass of and distance to SgrA*; the statistical errors of 0.13 x 10^6 M_sun and 0.12 kpc have ...

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6 Dec 2016

A massive, quiescent, population II galaxy at a redshift of 2.1

Unlike spiral galaxies such as the Milky Way, the majority of the stars in massive elliptical galaxies were formed in a short period early in the history of the Universe. The duration of this formation period can be measured using the ratio of magnesium to iron abundance ([Mg/Fe]), which reflects the relative enrichment by core-collapse and type Ia supernovae. For local galaxies, [Mg/Fe] probes the combined formation history of all stars currently in the galaxy, including younger and metal-poor...

Updated 2016/12/08 11:18:47

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