Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Nov 01, 2016 at 11:00 AM and Thu, Nov 03, 2016 at 11:00 AM

20 Oct 2016

On the Origin and Evolution of the Galaxy Stellar Mass Function

Here we explore the evolution of galaxy ensembles at early times by writing the in situ stellar mass growth of galaxies purely as a stationary stochastic (e.g., quasi-steady state) process. By combining the mathematics of such processes with Newtonian gravity and a mean local star formation efficiency, we show that the stellar mass evolution of galaxy ensembles is directly related to the average acceleration of baryons onto dark matter halos at the onset of star formation, with explicit depende...

Mark paper as discussed

1 Nov 2016

The Galaxy End Sequence

A common assumption is that galaxies fall in two distinct regions on a plot of specific star-formation rate (SSFR) versus galaxy stellar mass: a star-forming Galaxy Main Sequence (GMS) and a separate region of `passive' or `red and dead galaxies'. Starting from a volume-limited sample of nearby galaxies designed to contain most of the stellar mass in this volume, and thus being a fair representation of the Universe at the end of 12 billion years of galaxy evolution, we investigate the distribut...

Mark paper as discussed

25 Oct 2016

The Grism Lens-Amplified Survey from Space (GLASS) X. Sub-kpc resolution gas-phase metallicity maps at cosmic noon behind the Hubble Frontier Fields cluster MACS1149.6+2223

(Abridged) We combine deep HST grism spectroscopy with a new Bayesian method to derive maps of gas-phase metallicity, nebular dust extinction, and star-formation rate for 10 star-forming galaxies at high redshift ($1.2<z<2.3$). Exploiting lensing magnification by the foreground cluster MACS1149.6+2223, we reach sub-kpc spatial resolution and push the stellar mass limit associated with such high-z spatially resolved measurements below $10^8M_\odot$ for the first time. Our maps exhibit dive...

Mark paper as discussed

26 Oct 2016

Characterizing Intra-cluster light at $z\sim0.5$ in the Hubble Frontier Fields

We investigate the intra-cluster light (ICL) in 4 Hubble Frontier Fields clusters at $0.3<z<0.6$. Our new method makes use of the unprecedented depth of Hubble Space Telescope imaging data to probe very diffuse light ($\mu_{F160W}\sim29.5$ mag arcsec$^{-2}$) out to clustro-centric radii $R_{\rm cl}\sim300$ kpc. The rest-frame $B-V$ color of the ICL is consistent with that of passive cluster galaxies of $\logm<9.5$, $\sim0.3$ mag bluer than more massive ones ($\logm>10.5$) and the co...

Mark paper as discussed

27 Oct 2016

Quantitative Evaluation of Gender Bias in Astronomical Publications from Citation Counts

We analyze the role of first (leading) author gender on the number of citations that a paper receives, on the publishing frequency and on the self-citing tendency. We consider a complete sample of over 200,000 publications from 1950 to 2015 from five major astronomy journals. We determine the gender of the first author for over 70% of all publications. The fraction of papers which have a female first author has increased from less than 5% in the 1960s to about 25% today. We find that the increa...

Mark paper as discussed

31 Oct 2016

Is the expansion of the universe accelerating? All signs point to yes

The accelerating expansion of the universe is one of the most profound discoveries in modern cosmology, pointing to a universe in which 70% of the mass-energy density has an unknown form spread uniformly across the universe. This result has been well established using a combination of cosmological probes (e.g., Planck Collaboration et al. 2016), resulting in a "standard model" of modern cosmology that is a combination of a cosmological constant with cold dark matter and baryons. The first compe...

Mark paper as discussed

21 Oct 2016

The overlooked role of stellar variability in the extended main sequence of LMC intermediate-age clusters

Intermediate-age star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud show extended main sequence turn offs (MSTOs), which are not consistent with a canonical single stellar population. These broad turn offs have been interpreted as evidence for extended star formation and/or stellar rotation. Since most of these studies use single frames per filter to do the photometry, the presence of variable stars near the MSTO in these clusters has remained unnoticed and their impact totally ignored. We model the i...

Mark paper as discussed

Papers already discussed

28 Oct 2016

Radio light curve of the galaxy possibly associated with FRB150418

We present observations made with the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), the Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA) and the Giant Metre-Wave Telescope of the radio source within the galaxy WISE~J071634.59-190039.2, claimed to be host of FRB~150418 by Keane et al. (2016). We have established a common flux density scale between the ATCA and JVLA observations, the main result of which is to increase the flux densities obtained by Keane et al. At a frequency of 5.5 GHz, the source has a mean flux de...

26 Oct 2016

H0LiCOW VI. Testing the fidelity of lensed quasar host galaxy reconstruction

The empirical correlation between the mass of a super-massive black hole (MBH) and its host galaxy properties is widely considered to be evidence of their co-evolution. A powerful way to test the co-evolution scenario and learn about the feedback processes linking galaxies and nuclear activity is to measure these correlations as a function of redshift. Unfortunately, currently MBH can only be estimated in active galaxies at cosmological distances. At these distances, bright active galactic nucl...

Updated 2016/11/03 10:23:53

Happy Paper!