astro-ph coffee suggested papers for Thu, Apr 07, 2011 at 03:00:00 PM

astro-ph coffee will be held at the date and time above in the PAB 3rd-floor reading room. Some suggested papers of interest are listed below.

Web Article:

23 Jan 2011

We present a new Spitzer IRAC images of the HH 34 outflow. These are the first images that detect both the knots along the southern jet and the northern counterjet (the counterjet knots were only detected previously in a long slit spectrum). This result removes the problem of the apparent coexistence of a large scale symmetry (at distances of up to approx.1 pc) and a complete lack of symmetry close to the source (at distances of approx. 1.e+17 cm) for this outflow. We present a quantitative eva...

Web Article:

5 Apr 2011

We report ten lens candidates in the E-CDFS from the GEMS survey. Nine of the systems are new detections and only one of the candidates is a known lens system. For the most promising five systems including the known lens system, we present results from preliminary lens mass modelling, which tests if the candidates are plausible lens systems. Photometric redshifts of the candidate lens galaxies are obtained from the COMBO-17 galaxy catalog. Stellar masses of the candidate lens galaxies within th...

5 Apr 2011

A few percent of quasars show strong associated MgII absorption, with velocities (v_off) lying within a few thousand km/s from the quasar systemic redshift. These associated absorption line systems (AALs) are usually interpreted as absorbers that are either intrinsic to the quasar and its host, or arising from external galaxies clustering around the quasar. Using composite spectra of ~1,800 MgII AAL quasars selected from SDSS DR7 at 0.4<~ z<~2, we show that quasars with AALs with v_off<...

06 Apr 2011
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Error grabbing Authors
Independent lines of evidence suggest that the first stars, which ended the cosmic dark ages, came in pairs rather than singly. This could change the prevailing view that the early Universe had a Swiss-cheese-like appearance.

Web Article:

Web Article:

5 Apr 2011

We use a suite of numerical simulations to investigate the mechanisms and effects of radial migration of stars in disk galaxies like the Milky Way (MW). An isolated, collisionless stellar disk with a MW-like scale-height shows only the radial "blurring" expected from epicyclic orbits. Reducing the disk thickness or adding gas to the disk substantially increases the level of radial migration, induced by interaction with transient spiral arms and/or a central bar. We also examine collisionless di...

5 Apr 2011

The planet-hosting and Sirius-type binary system epsilon Reticulum (HD 27442) is examined from the perspective of its more evolved white dwarf secondary. The stellar parameters are determined from a combination of Balmer line spectroscopy, gravitational redshift, and solid angle. These three methods conspire to yield the most accurate physical description of the companion to date: Teff=15,310 \pm 350 K and M=0.60 \pm 0.02 Msol. Post-main sequence mass loss indicates the current binary separatio...

1 Apr 2011

We explore the extent to which Spitzer IRS spectra taken at low spectral resolution can be used in quantitative studies of organic molecular emission from disks surrounding low mass young stars. We use Spitzer IRS spectra taken in both the high and low resolution modules for the same sources to investigate whether it is possible to define line indices that can measure trends in the strength of the molecular features in low resolution data. We find that trends in HCN emission strength seen in th...

2 Apr 2011

Context. Capella is among the few binary stars with two evolved giant components. The hotter component is a chromospherically active star within the Hertzsprung gap while the cooler star is possibly helium-core burning. Aims. The known inclination of the orbital plane from astrometry in combination with precise radial velocities will allow the determi-nation of very accurate masses for the individual Capella stars. This will constrain their evolutionary stage and possibly hints towards the role...

4 Apr 2011

Spectroscopic observations of transiting exoplanets are providing an unprecedented view of the atmospheres of planets around nearby stars. As we learn more about the atmospheres of these remote bodies, we begin to build up a clearer picture of their composition and thermal structure. Here we investigate the case of K and L band emissions of the hot-Jupiter HD 189733b. Using the SpeX instrument on the NASA IRTF, we obtained three nights of secondary eclipse data using equivalent settings for all...

4 Apr 2011

Stochastic impacts by large bodies are, at present, the usually accepted mechanisms able to account for the obliquity of the ice giants. We attempt to set constraints on giant impacts as the cause of Neptune's current obliquity in the framework of modern theories. We also use the present orbital properties of the Neptunian irregular satellites (with the exception of Triton) to set constraints on the scenario of giant impacts at the end of Neptune formation. We model the angular momentum transfe...

28 Mar 2011

The feedback from galactic outflows is thought to play an important role in shaping the gas content, star formation history, and ultimately the stellar mass function of galaxies. Here we present evidence for massive molecular outflows associated with ultra-luminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) in the coadded Redshift Search Receiver 12CO(1-0) spectrum. Our stacked spectrum of 27 ULIRGs at z = 0.043-0.11 (freq_rest = 110-120 GHz) shows broad wings around the CO line with delta_V(FWZI)~2000 km/s. I...

31 Mar 2011

We present the novel concept of an Advanced de-Inclination Device (AID). This technique holds the promise of instantaneously solving almost all issues concerning the observed projection of astronomical sources on the plane of the sky. Along with basic design considerations, we also outline several examples for which this technique can be extremely useful. Simply put, the concept is based on (abridged)

2 Apr 2011

We propose 35 star systems within ~70 pc of Earth as newly identified members of nearby young stellar kinematic groups; these identifications include the first A- and late-B type members of the AB Doradus moving group and field Argus Association. All but one of the 35 systems contain a bright solar- or earlier-type star that should make an excellent target for the next generation of adaptive optics (AO) imaging systems on large telescopes. AO imaging has revealed four massive planets in orbit a...

1 Apr 2011

We study the properties of luminous stellar clumps identified in deep, high resolution HST/NIC2 F160W imaging at 1.6um of six z~2 star-forming galaxies with existing near-IR integral field spectroscopy from SINFONI at the VLT. Individual clumps contribute ~0.5%-15% of the galaxy-integrated rest-frame ~5000A emission, with median of about 2%; the total contribution of clump light ranges from 10%-25%. The median intrinsic clump size and stellar mass are ~1kpc and log(Mstar[Msun])~9, in the ranges...

31 Mar 2011

We used WIRCam on CFHT to observe four transits of the super-Earth GJ 1214b in the near-infrared. For each transit we observed in two bands nearly-simultaneously by rapidly switching the WIRCam filter wheel back and forth for the duration of the observations. By combining all our J-band (~1.25 microns) observations we find a transit depth in this band of 1.338\pm0.013% - a value consistent with the optical transit depth reported by Charbonneau and collaborators. However, our best-fit combined K...

31 Mar 2011

Circumstantial evidence suggests that most known extra-solar planetary systems are survivors of violent dynamical instabilities. Here we explore how giant planet instabilities affect the formation and survival of terrestrial planets. We simulate planetary system evolution around Sun-like stars from initial conditions that comprise: an inner disk of planetesimals and planetary embryos, three giant planets at Jupiter-Saturn distances, and a massive outer planetesimal disk. We then calculate dust ...

31 Mar 2011

Secondary eclipses are a powerful tool to measure directly the thermal emission from extrasolar planets, and to constrain their type and physical parameters. We started a project to obtain reliable broad-band measurements of the thermal emission of transiting exoplanets. Ground-based high-cadence near-infrared relative photometry was used to obtain sub-millimagnitude precision light curve of a secondary eclipse of WASP-4b -- a 1.12 M_J hot Jupiter on a 1.34 day orbit around G7V star. The data s...

1 Apr 2011

Since the discovery of a broad distribution of very high energy (VHE; >0.1 TeV) gamma-rays in the Central Molecular Zone (CMZ) of the Galaxy in 2006 by the HESS collaboration, the correlation of this emission with the integrated intensity of the CS(1-0) molecular line emission has inferred a hadronic origin for the gamma-rays. Here we describe the beginning of our investigation into the strength of this correlation utilising new multi-line millimeter data from the Mopra CMZ and HOP surveys a...

31 Mar 2011

We present a dynamical investigation of a newly found asteroid, 2010 SO16, and the discovery that it is a horseshoe companion of the Earth. The object's absolute magnitude (H=20.7) makes this the largest object of its type known to-date. By carrying out numerical integrations of dynamical clones, we find that (a) its status as a horseshoe is secure given the current accuracy of its ephemeris, and (b) the time spent in horseshoe libration with the Earth is several times 10^5 yr, two orders of ma...

31 Mar 2011

The Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) is a high performance adaptive optics system being designed and built for the Gemini Observatory. GPI is optimized for high contrast imaging, combining precise and accurate wavefront control, diffraction suppression, and a speckle-suppressing science camera with integral field and polarimetry capabilities. The primary science goal for GPI is the direct detection and characterization of young, Jovian-mass exoplanets. For plausible assumptions about the distribution...

27 Mar 2011

We present an improved method to compute the radiative momentum transfer in the Pioneer 10 & 11 spacecraft that takes into account both diffusive and specular reflection. The method allows for more reliable results regarding the thermal acceleration of the deep-space probes, confirming previous findings. A parametric analysis is performed in order to set an upper and lower-bound for the thermal acceleration and its evolution with time.

1 Apr 2011

In this draft photometry and astrometry is presented from the Herschel Space Observatory (HSO). This spacecraft orbits the second Lagrangian point (L2) of the Sun -- Earth system, yielding a mean distance of a million miles (~ 1.5 million kms) for HSO. From such a distance, HSO is observable as a 17-23 magnitude object moving relatively fast (apparently several arcseconds in a minute) and the actual observed brightness highly depends on the spatial orientation of the spacecraft. This draft desc...

30 Mar 2011

We performed an image search on Yahoo for "Comet Holmes" on 2010 April 1. Thousands of images were returned. We astrometrically calibrated---and therefore vetted---the images using the Astrometry.net system. The calibrated image pointings form a set of data points to which we can fit a test-particle orbit in the Solar System, marginalizing out image dates and catching outliers. The approach is Bayesian and the model is, in essence, a model of how comet astrophotographers point their instruments...

astroph.py v0.91ijc based on the original astroph.py. Updated 2011/04/07 14:45:01

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