Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Dec 05, 2017 at 11 am
Thu, Dec 07, 2017 at 1 pm
Fri, Dec 08, 2017 at 11 am

5 Dec 2017

Copious Amounts of Dust and Gas in a z=7.5 Quasar Host Galaxy

We present IRAM/NOEMA and JVLA observations of the quasar J1342+0928 at z=7.54 and report detections of copious amounts of dust and [CII] emission in the interstellar medium (ISM) of its host galaxy. At this redshift, the age of the universe is 690 Myr, about 10% younger than the redshift of the previous quasar record holder. Yet, the ISM of this new quasar host galaxy is significantly enriched by metals, as evidenced by the detection of the [CII] 158micron cooling line and the underlying far-i...

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4 Dec 2017

The Dispersion of Fast Radio Bursts from a Structured Intergalactic Medium at Redshifts z < 1.5

We analyze the sources of free electrons that produce the large dispersion measures, DM $\approx 300-1600$ (in units cm$^{-3}$ pc), observed toward fast radio bursts (FRBs). Individual galaxies typically produce DM $\sim 25-60$ cm$^{-3}$ pc from ionized gas in their disk, disk-halo interface, and circumgalactic medium. Toward an FRB source at redshift $z$, a homogeneous IGM containing a fraction $f_{\rm IGM}$ of cosmological baryons will produce DM $= (935~{\rm cm}^{-3}~{\rm pc}) f_{\rm IGM} \,...

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6 Dec 2017

The MICROSCOPE mission: first results of a space test of the Equivalence Principle

According to the Weak Equivalence Principle, all bodies should fall at the same rate in a gravitational field. The MICROSCOPE satellite, launched in April 2016, aims to test its validity at the $10^{-15}$ precision level, by measuring the force required to maintain two test masses (of titanium and platinum alloys) exactly in the same orbit. A non-vanishing result would correspond to a violation of the Equivalence Principle, or to the discovery of a new long-range force. Analysis of the first da...

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6 Dec 2017

No LIGO MACHO: Primordial Black Holes, Dark Matter and Gravitational Lensing of Type Ia Supernovae

Black hole merger events detected by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) have revived dark matter models based on primordial black holes (PBH) or other massive compact halo objects (MACHO). This macroscopic dark matter paradigm can be distinguished from particle physics models through their gravitational lensing predictions: compact objects cause most lines of sight to be demagnified relative to the mean, with a long tail of higher magnifications. We test the PBH mode...

6 Dec 2017

Using Velocity Dispersion to Estimate Halo Mass: Is the Local Group in Tension with $Λ$CDM?

Satellite galaxies are commonly used as tracers to measure the line-of-sight velocity dispersion ($\sigma_{\rm LOS}$) of the dark matter halo associated with their central galaxy, and thereby to estimate the halo's mass. Recent observational dispersion estimates of the Local Group, including the Milky Way and M31, suggest $\sigma\sim$50 km/s, which is surprisingly low when compared to the theoretical expectation of $\sigma\sim$100s km/s for systems of their mass. Does this pose a problem for $\...

4 Dec 2017

A free-floating planet candidate from the OGLE and KMTNet surveys

Current microlensing surveys are sensitive to free-floating planets down to Earth-mass objects. All published microlensing events attributed to unbound planets were identified based on their short timescale (below 2 d), but lacked an angular Einstein radius measurement (and hence lacked a significant constraint on the lens mass). Here we present the discovery of a Neptune-mass free-floating planet candidate in the ultrashort ($t_{\rm E}=0.320\pm0.003$ d) microlensing event OGLE-2016-BLG-1540. T...

4 Dec 2017

High Contrast Observations of Bright Stars with a Starshade

Starshades are a leading technology to enable the direct detection and spectroscopic characterization of Earth-like exoplanets. In an effort to advance starshade technology through system level demonstrations, the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope was adapted to enable the suppression of astronomical sources with a starshade. The long baselines achievable with the heliostat provide measurements of starshade performance at a flight-like Fresnel number and resolution, aspects critical to the validati...

28 Nov 2017

Constraining Planetary Migration and Tidal Dissipation with Coeval Hot Jupiters

We investigate the constraints on the formation of, and tidal dissipation processes in, hot Jupiters (HJs) that can be inferred based on reliable knowledge of the age of a system or population. Particular attention is paid to the role of young systems (such as those in open clusters or star-forming regions) in such studies. For an ensemble of coeval HJ (or proto-HJ) systems, we quantify the effect of age on the distribution of orbital eccentricities with respect to orbital periods as well as th...

Updated 2017/12/08 11:32:23