Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Sep 18, 2018, Thu, Sep 20, 2018, and Fri, Sep 21, 2018 at 11 am

18 Sep 2018

The chemical composition of the oldest nearby open cluster Ruprecht 147

Rup147 is the closest old open cluster, with a distance of less than 300 pc and an age of about 2.5Gyr. It is therefore well suited for testing stellar evolution models and for obtaining precise and detailed chemical abundance information. We combined photometric and astrometric information coming from literature and the Gaia mission with very high-resolution optical spectra of stars in different evolutionary stages to derive the cluster distance, age, and detailed chemical composition. We obta...

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19 Sep 2018

The Origins Space Telescope

The Origins Space Telescope, one of four large Mission Concept studies sponsored by NASA for review in the 2020 US Astrophysics Decadal Survey, will open unprecedented discovery space in the infrared, unveiling our cosmic origins. We briefly describe in this article the key science themes and architecture for OST. With a sensitivity gain of up to a factor of 1,000 over any previous or planned mission, OST will open unprecedented discovery space, allow us to peer through an infrared window teemi...

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14 Sep 2018

Improving Orbit Estimates for Incomplete Orbits with a New Approach to Priors - with Applications from Black Holes to Planets

We propose a new approach to Bayesian prior probability distributions (priors) that can improve orbital solutions for low-phase-coverage orbits, where data cover less than approximately 40% of an orbit. In instances of low phase coverage such as with stellar orbits in the Galactic center or with directly-imaged exoplanets, data have low constraining power and thus priors can bias parameter estimates and produce under-estimated confidence intervals. Uniform priors, which are commonly assumed in ...

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13 Sep 2018

The Lick AGN Monitoring Project 2011: Dynamical Modeling of the Broad-Line Region

We present models of the H$\beta$-emitting broad-line region (BLR) in seven Seyfert 1 galaxies from the Lick AGN (Active Galactic Nucleus) Monitoring Project 2011 sample, drawing inferences on the BLR structure and dynamics as well as the mass of the central supermassive black hole. We find that the BLR is generally a thick disk, viewed close to face-on, with preferential emission back toward the ionizing source. The dynamics in our sample range from near-circular elliptical orbits to inflowing...

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7 Sep 2018

The GALAH survey and Gaia DR2: dissecting the stellar disc's phase space by age, action, chemistry and location

We use data from the second data releases of the ESA Gaia astrometric survey and the high-resolution GALAH spectroscopic survey to analyse the structure of our Galaxy's discs. With GALAH, we can separate the alpha-rich and alpha-poor discs (with respect to Fe), which are superposed in both position and velocity space, and examine their distributions in action space. We find clear evidence that young (< 3 Gyr), metal-rich ([Fe/H] > 0.1) dwarfs have migrated from the inner alpha-poor disc t...

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19 Sep 2018

A Large Ground-Based Observing Campaign of the Disintegrating Planet K2-22b

We present 45 ground-based photometric observations of the K2-22 system collected between December 2016 and May 2017, which we use to investigate the evolution of the transit of the disintegrating planet K2-22b. Last observed in early 2015, in these new observations we recover the transit at multiple epochs and measure a typical depth of <1.5%. We find that the distribution of our measured transit depths is comparable to the range of depths measured in observations from 2014 and 2015. These ...

19 Sep 2018

Probing Cosmic Dawn: Modelling the Assembly History, SEDs, and Dust Content of Selected $z\sim9$ Galaxies

The presence of spectroscopically confirmed Balmer breaks in galaxy spectral energy distributions (SEDs) at $z>9$ provides one of the best probes of the assembly history of the first generations of stars in our Universe. Recent observations of the gravitationally lensed source, MACS 1149_JD1 (JD1), indicate that significant amounts of star formation likely occurred at redshifts as high as $z\simeq15$. The inferred stellar mass, dust mass, and assembly history of JD1, or any other galaxy at t...

18 Sep 2018

Measurements of tropospheric ice clouds with a ground-based CMB polarization experiment, POLARBEAR

The polarization of the atmosphere has been a long-standing concern for ground-based experiments targeting cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. Ice crystals in upper tropospheric clouds scatter thermal radiation from the ground and produce a horizontally-polarized signal. We report the detailed analysis of the cloud signal using a ground-based CMB experiment, POLARBEAR, located at the Atacama desert in Chile and observing at 150 GHz. We observe horizontally-polarized temporal increas...

18 Sep 2018

The Massive and Distant Clusters of WISE Survey. I: Survey Overview and a Catalog of >2000 Galaxy Clusters at z~1

We present the Massive and Distant Clusters of WISE Survey (MaDCoWS), a search for galaxy clusters at 0.7<z<1.5 based upon data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission. MaDCoWS is the first cluster survey capable of discovering massive clusters at these redshifts over the full extragalactic sky. The search is divided into two regions -- the region of the extragalactic sky covered by Pan-STARRS (Dec>-30 degrees) and the remainder of the southern extragalactic sky at ...

13 Sep 2018

PSR J2234+0611: A new laboratory for stellar evolution

We report timing results for PSR J2234+0611, a 3.6-ms pulsar in a 32-day, eccentric (e = 0.13) orbit with a helium white dwarf companion discovered as part of the Arecibo Observatory 327 MHz drift scan survey. The precise timing and the eccentric nature of the orbit allow precise measurements of an unusual number of parameters: a) a precise proper motion of 27.10(3) mas/yr and a parallax of 1.05(4) mas resulting in a pulsar distance of 0.95(4) kpc; this allows a precise estimate of the transver...

16 Sep 2018

TESS Discovery of a Transiting Super-Earth in the $Π$ Mensae System

We report the detection of a transiting planet around $\pi$ Mensae (HD\,39091), using data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The solar-type host star is unusually bright (V=5.7) and was already known to host a Jovian planet on a highly eccentric, 5.7-year orbit. The newly discovered planet has a size of 2.14$\pm$ 0.04~$R_\oplus$ and an orbital period of 6.27 days. Radial-velocity data from the HARPS and AAT/UCLES archives also displays a 6.27-day periodicity, confirming the...

12 Sep 2018

Very massive stars in not so massive clusters

Very young star clusters in the Milky Way exhibit a well-defined relation between their maximum stellar mass, m_max, and their mass in stars, M_ecl. A recent study shows that the young intermediate-mass star cluster VVV CL041 possibly hosts a >80 Msun star, WR62-2, which appears to violate the existence of the m_max-M_ecl relation since the mass of the star is almost two times higher than that expected from the relation. By performing direct N-body calculations with the same mass as the clus...


Updated 2018/09/21 11:35:36