Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Jun 19, 2018, Thu, Jun 21, 2018, and Fri, Jun 22, 2018 at 11 am

Papers already discussed

20 Jun 2018

The Fastest Travel Together: Chemical Tagging of the Fastest Stars in Gaia DR2 to the Stellar Halo

The fastest moving stars provide insight into several fundamental properties of the Galaxy, including the escape velocity as a function of Galactocentric radius, the total mass, and the nature and frequency of stellar encounters with the central supermassive black hole. The recent second data release of Gaia has allowed the identification of new samples of stars with extreme velocities. Discrimination among the possible origins of these stars is facilitated by chemical abundance information. We...

12 Jun 2018

Obscured Active Galactic Nuclei

Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are powered by the accretion of material onto a supermassive black hole (SMBH), and are among the most luminous objects in the Universe. However, the huge radiative power of most AGN cannot be seen directly, as the accretion is "hidden" behind gas and dust that absorbs many of the characteristic observational signatures. This obscuration presents an important challenge for uncovering the complete AGN population and understanding the cosmic evolution of SMBHs. In thi...

20 Jun 2018

A Gap in the Lower Main Sequence Revealed by Gaia Data Release 2

We present the discovery of a gap near $M_{G}\approx$10 in the main sequence on the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram (HRD) based on measurements presented in Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2). Using an observational form of the HRD with $M_{G}$ representing luminosity and $G_{BP}-G_{RP}$ representing temperature, the gap presents a diagonal feature that dips toward lower luminosities at redder colors. The gap is seen in samples extracted from DR2 with various distances, and is not unique to the {\it Gaia} p...

8 Jun 2018

Pevatron at the Galactic Center: Multi-Wavelength Signatures from Millisecond Pulsars

Diffuse TeV emission has been observed by H.E.S.S. in the Galactic Center region, in addition to the GeV gamma rays observed by Fermi. We propose that a population of unresolved millisecond pulsars located around the Galactic Center, suggested as possible candidates for the diffuse Galactic Center excess observed by Fermi, accelerate cosmic rays up to very high energies, and are thus also responsible for the TeV excess. We model analytically the diffusion of these accelerated protons and their ...

14 Jun 2018

First Spectroscopic Study of a Young Quasar

The quasar lifetime $t_{\rm\,Q}$ is one of the most fundamental quantities for understanding quasar evolution and the growth of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), but remains uncertain by several orders of magnitude. In a recent study we uncovered a population of very young quasars ($t_{\rm Q}\lesssim10^4-10^5$ yr), based on the sizes of their proximity zones, which are regions of enhanced Ly$\alpha$ forest transmission near the quasar resulting from its own ionizing radiation. The presence of s...

Updated 2018/06/22 11:37:31